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Title: Copper adsorption on chitosan-cellulose hydrogel beads: Behaviors and mechanisms
Authors: Li, N. 
Bai, R. 
Keywords: Chitosan-cellulose beads
Cu adsorption
EDGE crosslinking
Surface interaction
Issue Date: Apr-2005
Citation: Li, N., Bai, R. (2005-04). Copper adsorption on chitosan-cellulose hydrogel beads: Behaviors and mechanisms. Separation and Purification Technology 42 (3) : 237-247. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The application of chitosan-cellulose hydrogel beads as an adsorbent for Cu adsorption from aqueous solutions was examined. Chitosan was blended with cellulose to make chitosan-cellulose hydrogel beads and the hydrogel beads were crosslinked with ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether (EGDE). It was found that the addition of cellulose to chitosan made the hydrogel beads materially denser and the crosslinking reaction improved the chemical stability of the chitosan-cellulose beads in solutions with pH values down to 1. Batch adsorption experiments indicated that both the chitosan-cellulose and the crosslinked chitosan-cellulose hydrogel beads had high adsorption capacities for Cu removal, with the optimum pH in the range around neutral, although the crosslinked chitosan-cellulose beads always exhibited slightly lower adsorption capacities than the non-crosslinked beads. The adsorption isotherm of the chitosan-cellulose beads can be well-fitted to the Langmuir model, but that of the crosslinked chitosan-cellulose can only be well described by the Freundlich model. Copper adsorption kinetics on both types of the beads clearly followed an initial transport-controlled adsorption phenomenon. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed that Cu adsorption on the beads mainly involved the nitrogen atoms in chitosan to form surface complexes. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Separation and Purification Technology
ISSN: 13835866
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2004.08.002
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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