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Title: Annealing effects on the elastic modulus of tungsten oxide nanowires
Authors: Zhu, Y. 
Zhang, Y. 
Cheong, F.-C. 
Sow, C.-H. 
Lim, C.-T. 
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Citation: Zhu, Y., Zhang, Y., Cheong, F.-C., Sow, C.-H., Lim, C.-T. (2008-08). Annealing effects on the elastic modulus of tungsten oxide nanowires. Journal of Materials Research 23 (8) : 2149-2156. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Three-point bend test coupled with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis was carried out on individual tungsten oxide nanowires (NWs) before and after annealing. Three-point bend test monitors the change in the Young's modulus of the NW after annealing, while TEM provides nanostructural detail changes on the same NW. In this way, insight into the correlation between the mechanical properties of a NW and its nanostructure details can be obtained. Annealing increased the diameter of the NWs by forming a uniform amorphous/polycrystalline outer coating. The coating results in a decrease in Young's moduli for thicker NWs. On the other hand, annealing led to increased Young's moduli of thinner NWs, which is attributed to the improved crystallinity in these NWs after annealing. This study points to a more refined strategy for more in-depth understanding of the relationship between the nanostructures and elastic mechanical properties of NWs. © 2008 Materials Research Society.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Research
ISSN: 08842914
DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2008.0277
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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