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Title: Impacts of logging disturbance on hillslope saturated hydraulic conductivity in a tropical forest in Peninsular Malaysia
Authors: Ziegler, A.D. 
Negishi, J.N.
Sidle, R.C.
Noguchi, S.
Nik, A.R.
Keywords: Amoozemeter
Knocking-pole penetrometer
Logging impact recovery
Perched water table
Rainfall intensity
Runoff generation
Saturated hydraulic conductivity
Skid trails
Soil depth
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2006
Citation: Ziegler, A.D., Negishi, J.N., Sidle, R.C., Noguchi, S., Nik, A.R. (2006-10-15). Impacts of logging disturbance on hillslope saturated hydraulic conductivity in a tropical forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Catena 67 (2) : 89-104. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Using a constant-head permeameter we found an abrupt natural decrease in saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) within the upper 1.0-m soil profile of an Orthoxic Tropudult at the Bukit Tarek Experimental Catchments research area in tropical, Peninsular Malaysia. The depth at which low Ks could cause a perched water table in response to high-intensity rainfall, however, was too great to generate saturation overland flow on planar hillslopes in the study area. The effects of logging activity on Ks at five subsurface depths (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0 m) on the non-roaded portion of the harvest area were examined at the three following sites, which differed in the degree of disturbance and recovery since timber harvesting: (1) selective logging conducted in the 1960s; (2) mechanized selective tree removal conducted 4 years ago; and (3) high-impact clear-cutting just prior to measurement. This recent logging greatly disturbed the soil surface (via compaction, topsoil/subsoil mixing, burning) and produced comparatively high variability in near-surface Ks. Changes in Ks at or below 0.25-m, however, were not detected with certainty at any sites. In terms of hillslope hydrologic response, the connectivity of zones of low Ks in the harvest area with dense networks of skid trails and terraces was identified as one of the most important consequences of timber harvesting, although this phenomenon was not quantified. We estimate the recovery time for near-surface Ks on the non-roaded hillslope to be less than 40 years. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Catena
ISSN: 03418162
DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2006.02.008
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