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Title: Evaluating biotoxicity with fibroblasts derived from human embryonic stem cells
Authors: Wang, X.
Li, S.
Cao, T. 
Fu, X.
Yu, G.
Keywords: Biomaterial
Human embryonic stem cell
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Wang, X., Li, S., Cao, T., Fu, X., Yu, G. (2012). Evaluating biotoxicity with fibroblasts derived from human embryonic stem cells. Toxicology in Vitro 26 (6) : 1056-1063. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: To investigate the use of differentiated fibroblasts from human embryonic stem cells as a cellular model for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity screening. The EBf-H9 cells were derived from human embryonic stem cells (H9) via embryonic body (EB) and treated with Sodium fluoride (NaF) and Formaldehyde (FA). Proliferation, specific gene and protein expression and karyotype of cells were analyzed by MTT assay, RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry and karyotype analysis, respectively. Cytotoxicity was detected by MTT assay and flow cytometry, and genotoxicity was studied by micronucleus test (MNT), sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and comet assay. EBf-H9s were spindle-shaped with a diploid karyotype. They expressed the fibroblast markers prolyl 4-hydroxylase β and vimentin but did not express Oct-4 and Sox-2, and decreased expression of Nanog. The proliferation of EBf-H9 and murine L929 cells was inhibited by sodium fluoride (NaF) and formaldehyde (FA), and the cell cycle was arrested in different phases with the treatments. In genotoxicity assays with NaF and FA, positive responses were detected in human EBf-H9s comparable to those in the murine L929 cell line. EBf-H9 may be a suitable new cell source for toxicity research on biomaterials and other agents. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Toxicology in Vitro
ISSN: 08872333
DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2012.04.002
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