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Title: The effect of topical minocycline on replacement resorption of replanted monkeys' teeth
Authors: Ma, K.M.
Sae-Lim, V. 
Keywords: Periodontal healing
Tooth replantation
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Ma, K.M., Sae-Lim, V. (2003). The effect of topical minocycline on replacement resorption of replanted monkeys' teeth. Dental Traumatology 19 (2) : 96-102. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Tetracycline has been reported to possess antiresorptive properties in addition to antimicrobial actions. Systemic administration of tetracycline showed variable results in the control of replacement resorption after replantation with good results in half of the cases, and almost no healing in the rest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate histologically the effect of topically applied minocycline on replacement resorption of replanted monkeys' teeth. Thirty-two roots from seven monkeys were endodontically treated aseptically to prevent inflammatory resorption of pulpal origin, a common sequela after avulsion injury. Teeth were then extracted as atraumatically as possible. Teeth in the negative control group (10 roots) were replanted almost immediately, while teeth in the positive control group (12 roots) were allowed to bench-dry for 1 h prior to replantation, both without further treatment. Teeth in the experimental group (10 roots) were bench-dried for 1 h, rinsed with saline, and then immersed in 1 ml of 50 mg ml-1 minocycline hydrochloride for 5 min before replantation. No splinting was used. After 12 weeks, the animals were sacrificed and histological sections were prepared and evaluated according to a morphometric analysis modified from that described by Andreasen (1987) as complete healing, inflammatory resorption, and replacement resorption. Kruskal-Wallis test showed significant differences among the three groups in all the three healing categories. Further analysis with Mann-Whitney U-test showed teeth in the negative control group to have significantly higher complete healing and significant lower unfavorable healing, comprising of replacement resorption and inflammatory root resorption than the positive control group and the minocycline group. Topical application of minocycline to the root surface appeared to result in slightly higher occurrence of complete healing (32.46%) compared to the delayed replantation group with no minocycline treatment (positive control) (16.58%), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.09).
Source Title: Dental Traumatology
ISSN: 16004469
DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-9657.2003.00155.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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