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Title: Elastic modulus of resin-based dental restorative materials: A microindentation approach
Authors: Chung, S.M. 
Yap, A.U.J. 
Tsai, K.T.
Yap, F.L.
Keywords: Dental composites
Resin-based materials
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Chung, S.M., Yap, A.U.J., Tsai, K.T., Yap, F.L. (2005). Elastic modulus of resin-based dental restorative materials: A microindentation approach. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials 72 (2) : 246-253. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This research aimed to determine the elastic modulus of resin-based dental composite restoratives using the microindentation test method. Results were then compared with those obtained with the ISO three-point bending test method. Five materials from the same manufacturer (3M ESPE) were selected for the study. They included microfill (A110), minifill (Z100 and Filtek Z250), poly-acid modified (F2000), and flowable (Filtek Flowable [FF]) composites. The indentation moduli of the composites were determined using a custom-designed microindentation test set up after conditioning in water at 37°C for 1 week and 1 month. The indentation test was carried out at peak load of 10 N and Oliver & Pharr's method was used to determine the maximum projected contact area. Data was analyzed using ANOVA/post-hoc Scheffe's test at significance level 0.05 and Pearson's correlation at significance level 0.01. The mean indentation modulus ranged from 5.80 to 15.64 GPa and 5.71 to 15.35 GPa at 1 week and 1 month, respectively. At both time periods, the indentation modulus of Z100 was significantly higher than all other materials. F2000 was significantly higher than Z250, which was significantly stiffer than A110 and FF. The rankings were in good agreement with the ISO flexural test. A significant, positive, and strong correlation (r = 0.93 and 0.94 at 1 week and 1 month, respectively) in modulus between ISO three-point bending and microindentation test methods was observed. In view of the small specimen size and good reproducibility, the microindentation reflects a potential test method for determining the elastic properties of dental composite restoratives. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
ISSN: 00219304
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.30145
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