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Title: Computer-assisted navigational surgery enhances safety in dental implantology
Authors: Ng, F.C.
Ho, K.H. 
Wexler, A.
Keywords: Avoiding iatrogenic injuries
Computed aided surgery
Computerised navigation
Direct virtual vision
Implant surgery
Navigation dentistry
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Ng, F.C.,Ho, K.H.,Wexler, A. (2005). Computer-assisted navigational surgery enhances safety in dental implantology. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 34 (5) : 383-388. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: Dental implants are increasingly used to restore missing dentition. These titanium implants are surgically installed in the edentulous alveolar ridge and allowed to osteointegrate with the bone during the healing phase. After osseo-integration, the implant is loaded with a prosthesis to replace the missing tooth. Conventional implant treatment planning uses study models, wax-ups and panoramic x-rays to prefabricate surgical stent to guide the preparation of the implant site. The drilling into the alveolar ridge is invariably a "blind" procedure as the part of the drill in bone is not visible. Stereotactic systems were first introduced into neurosurgery in 1986. Since then, computer-assisted navigational technology has brought major advances to neuro-, midface and orthopaedic surgeries, and more recently, to implant placement. Clinical Feature; This paper illustrates the use of real-time computer-guided navigational technology in enhancing safety in implant surgical procedures. Outcome and Conclusion: Real-time computer-guided navigational technology enhances accuracy and precision of the surgical procedure, minimises complications and facilitates surgery in challenging anatomical locations.
Source Title: Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
ISSN: 03044602
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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