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Title: Indoor air quality and thermal comfort studies of an under-floor air-conditioning system in the tropics
Authors: Sekhar, S.C. 
Ching, C.S.
Keywords: Field study
Indoor air quality
Office building
Thermal comfort
Under-floor air-conditioning system
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Sekhar, S.C., Ching, C.S. (2002). Indoor air quality and thermal comfort studies of an under-floor air-conditioning system in the tropics. Energy and Buildings 34 (5) : 431-444. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper reports thermal comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ) studies of an under-floor air-conditioning (UFAC) system in hot and humid climate. Thermal comfort parameters were measured at predetermined grid points within an imaginary plane to predict the airflow pattern of the supply air jet as well as to determine the occurrence of thermal stratification in the office space. Fanger's [Thermal Comfort Analysis and Applications in Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970] thermal comfort index was also computed to detect the occupants' thermal sensation. Besides, the concentration levels of dust and carbon dioxide were recorded with the intention to examine the quality of the indoor air. Statistical methods were applied to derive the relationship between air velocity and the other parameters as mentioned earlier. The main findings from the study revealed reasonable level of acceptability of IAQ associated with the UFAC system. However, occupants are likely to experience localised thermal discomfort near the supply diffusers due to the existence of large temperature gradients. In addition, a stagnant zone is discovered at sedentary level, which is caused by the parabolic airflow nature of the primary air jet. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Energy and Buildings
ISSN: 03787788
DOI: 10.1016/S0378-7788(01)00128-1
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