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|Title:||A functional significance for codon third bases||Authors:||Epstein, R.J.
|Keywords:||Molecular evolution||Issue Date:||2000||Citation:||Epstein, R.J., Lin, K., Tan, T.W. (2000). A functional significance for codon third bases. Gene 245 (2) : 291-298. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1119(00)00042-1||Abstract:||Most amino acids are specified by more than one trinucleotide codon. Here we show that amino acids of differing functional importance may be distinguished by the pattern of synonymous codon usage. GC-rich genes tend to be of a greater transcriptional (p < 0.01) and mitogenic (p < 0.0001) significance than AT-rich genes, consistent with GC→AT mutational drift in methylated genomic regions. Third-base GC retention also identifies critical amino acids within individual proteins, as indicated by non-random patterns of codon variation between gene homologs and also by differential sequelae of site-directed mutagenesis. Sequence analysis of human receptor tyrosine kinase genes confirms that functionally important transmembrane hydrophobic amino acids are specified by codons containing GC third bases more often than are transmembrane neutral amino acids (χ2=134.2). Amino acids encoded by GC third bases thus appear more tightly linked to cell function and survival than are those encoded by AT third bases. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.||Source Title:||Gene||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/38301||ISSN:||03781119||DOI:||10.1016/S0378-1119(00)00042-1|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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