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Title: Hydration and stability of sulfatide-containing phosphatidylethanolamine small unilamellar vesicles
Authors: Wu, X.
Li, Q.-T. 
Keywords: Bilayer stability
Fluorescence lifetime
Membrane hydration
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: Wu, X., Li, Q.-T. (1999). Hydration and stability of sulfatide-containing phosphatidylethanolamine small unilamellar vesicles. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes 1416 (1-2) : 285-294. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effect of sulfatide on membrane hydration of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) was investigated using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The degree of hydration in the headgroup region of the bilayer lipids was assessed with the fluorescence lifetime of N-(5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl)dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine along with the ratio of its fluorescence intensities measured in samples prepared either in D2O- or in H2O-based buffers. Similarly, hydration of acyl chains near the headgroup region and that close to the bilayer center were studied using 1-(4-trimethylammoniumphenyl)-6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene and 1-palmitoyl-2-[2-[4-(6-phenyl-trans-1,3,5-hexatrienyl)phenyl]ethyl]carbonyl]-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine as probes. Increasing sulfatide concentration up to 30 mol% resulted in an increase in surface hydration and a decrease in interchain hydration. These were correlated with an increase in bilayer stability of the DOPE/sulfatide SUVs. Moreover, variation of pH was found to affect the hydration and stability of the bilayer vesicles. No further change in headgroup hydration and interchain hydration near the bilayer center was observed at sulfatide concentrations ≥30 mol%. At such high sulfatide concentrations, bilayer hydration and stability were no longer pH-sensitive. The effects of sulfatide on hydration and stability of DOPE bilayer vesicles are discussed by taking into account the electrostatic and geometrical properties of the sulfated galactosyl headgroups. Copyright (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
ISSN: 00052736
DOI: 10.1016/S0005-2736(98)00229-6
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