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Title: Identification and characterization of nuclear CD38 in the rat spleen
Authors: Meng, Khoo K.
Fong, Chang C. 
Keywords: ADP-ribosyl cyclase
Nuclear fraction
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Meng, Khoo K.,Fong, Chang C. (2002). Identification and characterization of nuclear CD38 in the rat spleen. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology 34 (1) : 43-54. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: CD38 is an ectoenzyme, which can produce metabolites with intracellular Ca2+ mobilizing properties and has multiple immunological functions. However, we have recently shown that CD38 is also localized to the nucleus of rat hepatocyte whereby its metabolite cADPR, is able to mobilize nuclear Ca2+ stores. In this study, we further characterize the localization of nuclear CD38 in the spleen, an important immune organ. We managed to detect the presence of ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity in the nuclear fraction. With Western blotting, we managed to characterize a 42-45 kDa protein band that is typical of CD38 under reducing and non-reducing conditions. However, as a comparison, other nuclear fractions from tissues like thymus, cardiac muscle and cerebellum yielded an additional 85 kDa protein band under non-reducing conditions. Both protein bands could be blocked with a CD38 blocking peptide. Immunohistochemical studies revealed the expression of CD38 in the marginal zone and in the red pulp. In contrast, the germinal center remained largely immunonegative for CD38. This is the first report of a functionally active ADP-ribosyl cyclase/CD38 in the spleen nuclear fraction. The results here suggest that the presence of CD38 in the nuclear environment might have a corollary to functional and regulatory roles in the nucleus. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
ISSN: 13572725
DOI: 10.1016/S1357-2725(01)00101-7
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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