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Title: Low birth weight in relation to parental occupations - A population-based registry in Singapore (1994-1998)
Authors: Chia, S.E. 
Lee, J. 
Chia, K.S. 
Chan, O.Y.
Keywords: Live births
Low birth weight
National registry
Parental occupation
Population-based study
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Chia, S.E., Lee, J., Chia, K.S., Chan, O.Y. (2004). Low birth weight in relation to parental occupations - A population-based registry in Singapore (1994-1998). Neurotoxicology and Teratology 26 (2) : 285-290. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives: To study the association between parental occupation and low birth weight (LBW) in infants born in Singapore between 1994 and 1998. Other factors that may be related to LBW were also investigated. Methods: A retrospective study. Information was obtained from the Singapore National Registry of Births and Deaths on parental occupations for live births between 1 January 1994 to 31 December 1998. Parental date of birth, ethnic group, and highest educational qualification were also obtained. The associations between these factors and the occurrence of LBW was assessed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis. Results: A total 208,360 live births were studied. Analyses were restricted to singleton births ≥37th week gestation (total of 189,064). No significant differences in LBW risk were found for the different maternal occupational groups, compared with a referent group ("legislators, senior officers, and managers"). However, fathers who were "not working" (OR=2.04; 1.57-2.65), "not classifiable by occupation" (OR=1.34; 1.09-1.65), and "cleaners, laborers, and related workers" (OR=1.32; 1.12-1.55) had the highest risk of LBW infants when compared with "legislators, senior officers, and managers," after adjustment for maternal occupation, ethnic group, educational level and age, paternal educational level, infant gestational age, sex, and birth order. Conclusion: Certain paternal occupational groups appear to be associated with a higher risk of having LBW infants. This may be linked to socioeconomic status and possible work-related factors. Future studies of pregnancy outcomes should not ignore the potential contributions of fathers. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
ISSN: 08920362
DOI: 10.1016/
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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