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Title: The Impacts of Market-led Land Reforms on Corruption: An Empirical Study of China
Authors: ZHI HUI
Keywords: China, land reforms, corruption
Issue Date: 20-Jul-2011
Citation: ZHI HUI (2011-07-20). The Impacts of Market-led Land Reforms on Corruption: An Empirical Study of China. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: With the gradual introduction of market mechanisms in urban land development, China's land sector has become a major area where corruption prevails. The Chinese central government deepened adoption of market forces in urban land allocation, using the tender, auction, and quotation methods to reduce rampant corruption in land management. This thesis intends to show whether tender, auction and quotation modes successfully reduced corruption levels in China. After analyzing the illegal land-use data compiled by the Ministry of Land and Resources from 1998 to 2008, this thesis found that market-led land supply modes fail to deter land corruption. Furthermore, financial dependence on land-related revenues is found to be a driving force of illegal land-use activities. In order to explain the failure of market-led land supply modes in curbing corruption, this thesis draws upon an institutional approach to examine the legal and institutional loopholes embedded in the newly created land supply regime. It argues that sluggish institutional building, poor institutional qualities and weak law enforcement in land management have produced inconsistent and paradoxical nature of land reforms, leading to the failure of tender, auction and quotation in reducing corruption.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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