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Title: 中国官方行局经营侨汇业务之研究 (1937-1949) = A Study of Overseas Chinese Remittance through Chinese National Banks and Post Offices (1937-1949)
Authors: 李小燕
Keywords: Chinese government, national banks and post offices, private exchange house, overseas Chinese remittance, foreign currency management, rise and fall.
Issue Date: 18-Jan-2011
Citation: 李小燕,LI XIAOYAN (2011-01-18). 中国官方行局经营侨汇业务之研究 (1937-1949) = A Study of Overseas Chinese Remittance through Chinese National Banks and Post Offices (1937-1949). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: ABSTRACT This thesis makes use of the rich archival materials and newspapers to explore the reasons that the national banks and post offices succeeded in obtaining remittance in the Sino-Japanese war (1937-1945), whereas failed after the war. .The dissertation argues that the foreign currency policy and management of the Chinese Government was affected by many outside factors, though the government should be responsible for the success and failure. In 1928, the Nationalist Government founded a united and independent country, however, it had no true power inside and internationally. In fact, the government has no enough strength to manage the foreign currency (mainly referring to the remittance during and after the Sino-Japanese war). The success of the official remittance during the war was due to the cooperation of the foreign countries (such as the US and Britain), private exchange houses and the overseas Chinese. However, the cooperation disappeared after the war. Because of the weakness, corruption and inability of the government, the foreign currency management after the war could be described as complete failure, and most of the remittance went to Hong Kong. Many factors have influenced on the rise and fall of remittance. This thesis mainly analyses the remittance management of the national banks and post offices; their relations with the private exchange houses; the competition between the Nationalist government and the Japanese government; and the overseas Chinese and the official remittance. Critical reasons can be found by comparing these factors in the war and after the war.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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