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Title: Inhibition of West Nile virus replication in cells stably transfected with vector-based shRNA expression system
Authors: Ong, S.P.
Chu, J.J.H.
Ng, M.L. 
Keywords: RNAi
West Nile virus
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Ong, S.P., Chu, J.J.H., Ng, M.L. (2008). Inhibition of West Nile virus replication in cells stably transfected with vector-based shRNA expression system. Virus Research 135 (2) : 292-297. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this study, the efficacies of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting different regions of West Nile virus (WNV) strain Sarafend genome were investigated. Short hairpin RNAs targeting Capsid, NS2B and NS4B genes were cloned into pSilencer™ 3.1-H1 neo and designated as pshCapsid, pshNS2B and pshNS4B, respectively. Vero cells that were positively transfected were selected for creating stable cell lines expressing shRNAs constitutively. These cells were subjected to West Nile virus at multiplicity of infection (M.O.I.) of 10. The cells stably transfected with pshCapsid gave the best silencing effect among the three stable cell lines (transfected with pshCapsid, pshNS2B and pshNS4B) at both 12- and 24 h p.i. When compared to the non-transfected WNV-infected cells, pshCapsid stably transfected cells showed more than 4 log10 unit reduction in viral transcripts and greater than 3 log10 unit reduction in virus production. Cells stably transfected with pshNS2B did not exhibit as strong an inhibition when compared to the pshCapsid stably transfected cells having only 2 log10 unit reduction in virus titre. The pshNS4B-stably transfected cells did not suppress WNV replication. Hence, from this study, pshCapsid has the potential to be developed into effective antiviral strategy for WNV infection. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Virus Research
ISSN: 01681702
DOI: 10.1016/j.virusres.2008.04.014
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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