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Title: Derivation and characterization of human fetal MSCs: An alternative cell source for large-scale production of cardioprotective microparticles
Authors: Lai, R.C.
Tan, S.S.
Chen, T.S. 
Teh, B.J.
Sidik, H.
Lim, S.K. 
Arslan, F.
Pasterkamp, G.
de, Kleijn D.P.V.
Tan, B.
Tanavde, V. 
Lee, M.M.
Eng, J.K.L.
Hwang, W.S.
Lee, C.N. 
Oakley, R.M.E. 
Tan, K.H. 
Keywords: Cardioprotection
Fetal mesenchymal stem cells
Paracrine secretion
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Lai, R.C., Tan, S.S., Chen, T.S., Teh, B.J., Sidik, H., Lim, S.K., Arslan, F., Pasterkamp, G., de, Kleijn D.P.V., Tan, B., Tanavde, V., CHOO BOON HWA,ANDRE, Lee, M.M., Eng, J.K.L., Hwang, W.S., Lee, C.N., Oakley, R.M.E., Tan, K.H. (2010). Derivation and characterization of human fetal MSCs: An alternative cell source for large-scale production of cardioprotective microparticles. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 48 (6) : 1215-1224. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation are increasingly thought to be mediated by MSC secretion. We have previously demonstrated that human ESC-derived MSCs (hESC-MSCs) produce cardioprotective microparticles in pig model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. As the safety and availability of clinical grade human ESCs remain a concern, MSCs from fetal tissue sources were evaluated as alternatives. Here we derived five MSC cultures from limb, kidney and liver tissues of three first trimester aborted fetuses and like our previously described hESC-derived MSCs; they were highly expandable and had similar telomerase activities. Each line has the potential to generate at least 1016-19 cells or 107-10 doses of cardioprotective secretion for a pig model of MI/R injury. Unlike previously described fetal MSCs, they did not express pluripotency-associated markers such as Oct4, Nanog or Tra1-60. They displayed a typical MSC surface antigen profile and differentiated into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes in vitro. Global gene expression analysis by microarray and qRT-PCR revealed a typical MSC gene expression profile that was highly correlated among the five fetal MSC cultures and with that of hESC-MSCs (r2>0.90). Like hESC-MSCs, they produced secretion that was cardioprotective in a mouse model of MI/R injury. HPLC analysis of the secretion revealed the presence of a population of microparticles with a hydrodynamic radius of 50-65 nm. This purified population of microparticles was cardioprotective at ~1/10 dosage of the crude secretion. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
ISSN: 00222828
DOI: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2009.12.021
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