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dc.titleMalaysian Identity in 2010, Malay Sources
dc.contributor.authorHumairah Zainal
dc.contributor.authorKamaludeen Mohamed Nasir
dc.identifier.citationHumairah Zainal, Kamaludeen Mohamed Nasir (2019). Malaysian Identity in 2010, Malay Sources : 1-20. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractMalaysia’s predominant discourse of national identity is Malay ethnonational sovereignty. The categories that form part of this discursive formation include Islam and various aspects of Malay identity, such as Malay language. This discourse is characterised by both elite and mass texts, and is distributed across all types of texts. Besides priding itself on Malay ethnonational sovereignty, Malaysia is also perceived as a peaceful leader, a developed and multicultural country, with patriotic and morally upright citizens across the texts sampled. All of these categories are understood positively. On the other hand, the discourse that positions Britain as a negative significant other is based on the two countries’ historical relations, as Britain previously colonised Malaysia for over a century prior to the country’s independence. Overall, there are no challenger discourses for the top 20 identity categories. Instead, what emerged strongly was the dominance of discourses such as social diversity in elite texts, and the absence of the same discourses in mass texts. Categories which form the discourse on development such as economic growth typically appear in both elite and mass texts. However, categories like ‘multiculturalism’ and ‘multiracialism’ are rarely found in mass texts. Hence, it can be argued that while discourses on Malay ethnonational sovereignty, peaceful leader and developed country are formed based on mutual consensus between the state authorities and the public, discourses surrounding social diversity seem to be rather paternalistic. Thus, this category can be understood as a hegemonic state discourse in Malaysia.
dc.publisherNational University of Singapore
dc.subjectAlliance with other countries (Regional and international)
dc.subjectEconomic growth
dc.subject(Aspirational) Innovative
dc.subjectMalay Ethnonational Sovereignty
dc.subjectMorally upright
dc.subjectMultiracial/ racial harmony
dc.subjectPolitically stable
dc.subjectProgressive nation, including progressive Islam
dc.subjectSignificant other (British)
dc.subjectSkilled workforce
dc.subjectTechnologically advanced
dc.contributor.departmentASIA RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.grant.fundingagencySocial Science Research Council
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