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dc.title“The Day After”: Hong Kong National Identity in 2015
dc.contributor.authorKlavier Wang
dc.identifier.citationKlavier Wang (2019). “The Day After”: Hong Kong National Identity in 2015 : 1-15. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractNearly twenty years after the handover from a British colony to a PRC special administrative region (SAR)on July 1st 1997, Hong Kongers continue to fight for democracy, specifically seen in the election of the Chief Executive (CE) and the Legislative Council (LegCo) based on universal suffrage. This long-term fight reached its peak (the breaking out of the epic “Umbrella Movement”) in 2014 and made 2015 Hong Kong as the “day after”, full of dust and soil. In 2015, Hong Kong people from different social sectors and social classes dealt with the aftermath in their own ways. The movement originated two years before. In 2013, an advocacy group called "Occupy Central with Love and Peace" (OCLP) was founded, holding a belief of demanding democratic election by engaging in non-violent civil disobedience. However, on 31 August 2014, China’s People's Congress announced a framework (the 831 framework) to govern Hong Kong's CE election from 2017 onwards. The framework suggesting that eligible CE candidates should be pre-screened by a committee of 1,200 members before going for popular voting was far beyond Hong Kong people’s acceptance. The Hong Kong Federation of Students (HKFS) regarded this 831 framework as “fake” universal suffrage and initiated a week-long class boycott beginning on 22 September 2014. This large-scale class boycott eventually turned into mass occupation of the Central district in a week, during which police fired tear gas to disperse the mass but failed. After seventy-nine days of occupation, all the occupation sites were cleared by police in December 2014. However, after the clearance of the road occupations, a small camp remained in Admiralty outside the legislative building complex, until the “831 framework” was officially voted down by the LegCo in June 2015.
dc.publisherNational University of Singapore
dc.subjectNodal position of Hong Kong
dc.subjectOne country two systems with high autonomy
dc.subjectRule of law (separation of power, social justice)
dc.subjectdark colonial history (invasion of foreign powers, erosion of sovereignty)
dc.subjectdemocratization (democratic system, universal suffrage, high autonomy)
dc.subjectChina (facing China's economic rise, non-democratic system, political co-optation)
dc.subjectDiverse society
dc.subjectCapitalist and free market system
dc.subjectRight of freedom
dc.subjecthumane society (a society with respect for human’s value, with dreams)
dc.subjectHong Kong is part of China
dc.subjectIntegration with China
dc.subjectUnaccountable and authoritarian Hong Kong government
dc.subjectDistribution inequality (wealth gap, lack of upward mobility)
dc.subjectLocal identity concern (pride of being Hong Konger, identity crisis, sense of localism)
dc.subjectConservative value
dc.subjectIntegrity in personal character (diligence, honesty, persistance)
dc.subjectbrave fighting
dc.subjectRational and lawful citizen
dc.subjectEfficient society
dc.subjectgood social system
dc.subjectUrban anxiety (high living cost, stressful life)
dc.subjectConcern about nationalism
dc.subjectDare to fight against the government
dc.subjectResponsible government
dc.subjectHong Kong people's apolitical character
dc.subjectenvironmentally unfriendly
dc.contributor.departmentASIA RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.grant.fundingagencySocial Science Research Council
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