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Title: Teaching pediatric behavior management in student dentists with constructive video feedback from faculty
Authors: Hu, Shijia 
Mok, Betty Yuen Yue 
Tok, Wee Wah 
Wong, Mun Loke 
Hong, Catherine Hsu Ling 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
behavior management
constructive feedback
pediatric dentistry
video feedback
Issue Date: 12-Aug-2021
Publisher: WILEY
Citation: Hu, Shijia, Mok, Betty Yuen Yue, Tok, Wee Wah, Wong, Mun Loke, Hong, Catherine Hsu Ling (2021-08-12). Teaching pediatric behavior management in student dentists with constructive video feedback from faculty. JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION 85 (12) : 1870-1878. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: The range of child behaviors encountered in real-life situations far exceeds that of any classroom-based simulated scenarios. For such reasons, clinical training with real-time clinical supervisor's feedback is optimal for learner-centricity. This study aimed to objectively evaluate the effect of video feedback on the student dentist's ability to manage behaviors in children. Methods: Third-year dental student volunteers were randomly allocated to two groups: control and intervention. They were video recorded for three pediatric dental treatment sessions and received standard feedback for all sessions. Additionally, the intervention group received two constructive 1-on-1 feedback sessions after the first and second video sessions. Students’ application of behavior management techniques for all recorded treatment sessions was scored with a study-specific objective scale (maximum score: 20; larger score indicating better performance) by two independent and blinded evaluators. A self-administered student questionnaire elicited subjective feedback on the intervention. Results: There was a significant difference (p = 0.008) between behavior management scores when comparing all pre-intervention sessions (10.74 ± 3.55) and all post-intervention sessions (13.57 ± 2.96). The intervention significantly improved these techniques: 1. Providing specific feedback – positive reinforcement and descriptive praise (p = 0.006) and 2. Distraction – Using imagination with stories and singing (p = 0.035). The feedback sessions (4.29 ± 0.54) were perceived to be significantly (p = 0.032) more effective than having the students view the videos on their own (3.76 ± 0.87). Conclusion: Video feedback improved the behavior management scores of student dentists. The faculty feedback sessions were found by student dentists to improve confidence and the techniques for managing children.
ISSN: 0022-0337
DOI: 10.1002/jdd.12756
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