Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157968
Title: The Instrumented Sit-to-Stand Test (iSTS) Has Greater Clinical Relevance than the Manually Recorded Sit-to-Stand Test in Older Adults
Authors: van Lummel, Rob C
Walgaard, Stefan
Maier, Andrea B 
Ainsworth, Erik
Beek, Peter J
van Dieen, Jaap H
Keywords: Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE-MEASURES
BODY FIXED SENSOR
FUNCTIONAL STATUS
CHAIR
ACCELEROMETERS
PREDICTOR
MOVEMENTS
ACCURACY
STRENGTH
BREAKING
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2016
Publisher: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation: van Lummel, Rob C, Walgaard, Stefan, Maier, Andrea B, Ainsworth, Erik, Beek, Peter J, van Dieen, Jaap H (2016-07-08). The Instrumented Sit-to-Stand Test (iSTS) Has Greater Clinical Relevance than the Manually Recorded Sit-to-Stand Test in Older Adults. PLOS ONE 11 (7). ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157968
Abstract: Background: The ability to rise from sitting to standing is critical to an individual's quality of life, as it is a prerequisite for functional independence. The purpose of the current study was to examine the hypothesis that test durations as assessed with the instrumented repeated Sit-To-Stand (STS) show stronger associations with health status, functional status and daily physical activity of older adults than manually recorded test durations. Methods: In 63 older participants (mean age 83 ±6.9 years, 51 female), health status was assessed using the European Quality of Life questionnaire and functional status was assessed using the physical function index of the of the RAND-36. Physical performance was measured using a wearable sensor-based STS test. From this test, durations, sub-durations and kinematics of the STS movements were estimated and analysed. In addition, physical activity was measured for one week using an activity monitor and episodes of lying, sitting, standing and locomotion were identified. Associations between STS parameters with health status, functional status and daily physical activity were assessed. Results: The manually recorded STS times were not significantly associated with health status (p = 0.457) and functional status (p = 0.055), whereas the instrumented STS times were (both p = 0.009). The manually recorded STS durations showed a significant association to daily physical activity for mean sitting durations (p = 0.042), but not for mean standing durations (p = 0.230) and mean number of locomotion periods (p = 0.218). Furthermore, durations of the dynamic sit-to-stand phase of the instrumented STS showed more significant associations with health status, functional status and daily physical activity (all p = 0.001) than the static phases standing and sitting (p = 0.043-0.422). Conclusions: As hypothesized, instrumented STS durations were more strongly associated with participant health status, functional status and physical activity than manually recorded STS durations in older adults. Furthermore, instrumented STS allowed assessment of the dynamic phases of the test, which were likely more informative than the static sitting and standing phases.
Source Title: PLOS ONE
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/234992
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157968
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