Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11056-5
Title: Delineating patterns of sexualized substance use and its association with sexual and mental health outcomes among young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Singapore: a latent class analysis
Authors: Tan, Rayner Kay Jin 
O’Hara, Caitlin Alsandria
Koh, Wee Ling 
Le, Daniel
Tan, Avin
Tyler, Adrian
Tan, Calvin
Kwok, Chronos
Banerjee, Sumita
Wong, Mee Lian 
Keywords: Alcohol
Chemsex
MSM
Poppers
Singapore
Issue Date: 31-May-2021
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Citation: Tan, Rayner Kay Jin, O’Hara, Caitlin Alsandria, Koh, Wee Ling, Le, Daniel, Tan, Avin, Tyler, Adrian, Tan, Calvin, Kwok, Chronos, Banerjee, Sumita, Wong, Mee Lian (2021-05-31). Delineating patterns of sexualized substance use and its association with sexual and mental health outcomes among young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Singapore: a latent class analysis. BMC Public Health 21 (1) : 1026. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11056-5
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YMSM) are vulnerable to the risks associated with sexualized substance use. This is a novel study in Singapore that aims to classify patterns of sexualized substance use among YMSM, and investigate its association with sexual and mental health outcomes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study among 570 YMSM aged 18 to 25 years old, latent class analysis (LCA) conducted to identify classes with similar patterns of sexualized substance use, across which measures of inconsistent condom use, recent STI diagnoses, past suicide ideation and depression severity were compared. Results: LCA revealed three classes of YMSM based on types of substances ever used in sexualized contexts, which we labelled as ‘substance-naive’, ‘substance-novice’, and ‘chemsex’. Substance-naive participants (n = 404) had only ever used alcohol, while substance-novice participants (n = 143) were primarily amyl nitrite users with a small proportion who reported using chemsex-related drugs. Chemsex participants (n = 23) comprised individuals who had mostly used such drugs. Those in the chemsex group were more likely to report recent unprotected anal sex with casual partners (aPR = 3.28, 95%CI [1.85, 5.79]), depression severity (a? = 3.69, 95%CI [0.87, 6.51]) and a history of suicide ideation (aPR = 1.64, 95%CI [1.33, 2.03]). Conclusions: Findings of this study highlight how the use of varying substances in sexualized contexts may be classified and characterized by different sexual and mental health outcomes. Health promotion efforts should be differentiated accordingly to address the risks associated with sexualized substance use among YMSM. © 2021, The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Public Health
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/233576
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-11056-5
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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