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Title: Optimal probes for global quantum thermometry
Authors: Mok, Wai-Keong
Bharti, Kishor
Kwek, Leong-Chuan 
Bayat, Abolfazl
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Mok, Wai-Keong, Bharti, Kishor, Kwek, Leong-Chuan, Bayat, Abolfazl (2021-03-25). Optimal probes for global quantum thermometry. Communications Physics 4 (1) : 62. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Quantum thermodynamics has emerged as a separate sub-discipline, revising the concepts and laws of thermodynamics, at the quantum scale. In particular, there has been a disruptive shift in the way thermometry, and thermometers are perceived and designed. Currently, we face two major challenges in quantum thermometry. First, all of the existing optimally precise temperature probes are local, meaning their operation is optimal only for a narrow range of temperatures. Second, aforesaid optimal local probes mandate complex energy spectrum with immense degeneracy, rendering them impractical. Here, we address these challenges by formalizing the notion of global thermometry leading to the development of optimal temperature sensors over a wide range of temperatures. We observe the emergence of different phases for such optimal probes as the temperature interval is increased. In addition, we show how the best approximation of optimal global probes can be realized in spin chains, implementable in ion traps and quantum dots. © 2021, The Author(s).
Source Title: Communications Physics
ISSN: 2399-3650
DOI: 10.1038/s42005-021-00572-w
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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