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Title: Strain maps characterize the symmetry of convergence and extension patterns during zebrafish gastrulation
Authors: Bhattacharya, Dipanjan 
Zhong, Jun 
Tavakoli, Sahar
Kabla, Alexandre
Matsudaira, Paul 
Issue Date: 29-Sep-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Bhattacharya, Dipanjan, Zhong, Jun, Tavakoli, Sahar, Kabla, Alexandre, Matsudaira, Paul (2021-09-29). Strain maps characterize the symmetry of convergence and extension patterns during zebrafish gastrulation. Scientific Reports 11 (1) : 19357. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: During gastrulation of the zebrafish embryo, the cap of blastoderm cells organizes into the axial body plan of the embryo with left–right symmetry and head–tail, dorsal–ventral polarities. Our labs have been interested in the mechanics of early development and have investigated whether these large-scale cell movements can be described as tissue-level mechanical strain by a tectonics-based approach. The first step is to image the positions of all nuclei from mid-epiboly to early segmentation by digital sheet light microscopy, organize the surface of the embryo into multi-cell spherical domains, construct velocity fields from the movements of these domains and extract strain rate maps from the change in density of the domains. During gastrulation, tensile/expansive and compressive strains in the axial and equatorial directions are detected as anterior and posterior expansion along the anterior–posterior axis and medial–lateral compression across the dorsal–ventral axis and corresponds to the well characterized morphological movements of convergence and extension. Following gastrulation strain is represented by localized medial expansion at the onset of segmentation and anterior expansion at the onset of neurulation. In addition to linear strain, symmetric patterns of rotation/curl are first detected in the animal hemispheres at mid-epiboly and then the vegetal hemispheres by the end of gastrulation. In embryos treated with C59, a Wnt inhibitor that inhibits head and tail extension, the axial extension and vegetal curl are absent. By analysing the temporal sequence of large-scale movements, deformations across the embryo can be attributed to a combination of epiboly and dorsal convergence-extension. © 2021, The Author(s).
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-98233-z
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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