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Title: The thermo-mechanical coupling effect in selective laser melting of aluminum alloy powder
Authors: Duan, Xianyin
Chen, Xinyue
Zhu, Kunpeng
Long, Tao
Huang, Shiyang
Jerry, Fuh Y. H. 
Keywords: Finite element
Selective laser melting
Stress and defor-mation
Transient temperature field
Issue Date: 29-Mar-2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Duan, Xianyin, Chen, Xinyue, Zhu, Kunpeng, Long, Tao, Huang, Shiyang, Jerry, Fuh Y. H. (2021-03-29). The thermo-mechanical coupling effect in selective laser melting of aluminum alloy powder. Materials 14 (7) : 1673. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: In the selective laser melting process, metal powder melted by the laser heat source gen-erates large instantaneous energy, resulting in transient high temperature and complex stress dis-tribution. Different temperature gradients and anisotropy finally determine the microstructure after melting and affect the build quality and mechanical properties as a result. It is important to monitor and investigate the temperature and stress distribution evolution. Due to the difficulties in online monitoring, finite element methods (FEM) are used to simulate and predict the building process in real time. In this paper, a thermo-mechanical coupled FEM model is developed to predict the thermal behaviors of the melt pool by using Gaussian moving heat source. The model could simulate the shapes of the melt pool, distributions of temperature and stress under different process parameters through FEM. The influences of scanning speed, laser power, and spot diameter on the distribution of the melt pool temperature and stress are investigated in the SLM process of Al6063, which is widely applied in aerospace, transportation, construction and other fields due to its good corrosion resistance, sufficient strength and excellent process performance. Based on transient analysis, the relationships are identified among these process parameters and the melt pool morphology, distribution of temperature and thermal stress. It is shown that the maximum temperature at the center point of the scanning tracks will gradually increase with the increment of laser power under the effect of thermal accumulation and heat conduction, as the preceded scanning will preheat the subsequent scanning tracks. It is recommended that the parameters with optimized laser power (P = 175–200 W), scanning speed (v = 200–300 mm/s) and spot diameter (D = 0.1–0.15 mm) of aluminum alloy powder can produce a high building quality of the SLM parts under the pre-set conditions. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Materials
ISSN: 1996-1944
DOI: 10.3390/ma14071673
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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