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dc.titleThe Art of Remediating Age-Related Cognitive Decline: Art Therapy Enhances Cognition and Increases Cortical Thickness in Mild Cognitive Impairment
dc.contributor.authorYu, Junhong
dc.contributor.authorRawtaer, Iris
dc.contributor.authorGoh, Lee Gan
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Alan Prem
dc.contributor.authorFeng, Lei
dc.contributor.authorKua, Ee Heok
dc.contributor.authorMahendran, Rathi
dc.identifier.citationYu, Junhong, Rawtaer, Iris, Goh, Lee Gan, Kumar, Alan Prem, Feng, Lei, Kua, Ee Heok, Mahendran, Rathi (2020-08-07). The Art of Remediating Age-Related Cognitive Decline: Art Therapy Enhances Cognition and Increases Cortical Thickness in Mild Cognitive Impairment. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 27 (1) : 79-88. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractObjective: Previous research on art therapy (AT) in cognitive aging has been lacking. AT can potentially engender significant cognitive gains, due to its rigorous cognitive involvement, making it useful to tackle age-related cognitive decline. Along with these cognitive gains, associated neuroplastic changes are hypothesized to arise from AT as well. The current intervention examined the effects of an AT intervention on cognitive outcomes and cortical thickness (CT) among participants with mild cognitive impairment. Method: Participants were assigned to AT (n = 22) and an active control group (n = 27). In both, weekly 45-min sessions were carried out across 3 months. Cognitive assessments and structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were carried out at baseline and 3-month follow-up. Whole brain analyses on CT were carried out. Cognitive outcomes were analyzed using hierarchical linear models. Results: Significant gains in immediate memory and working memory span were observed in the AT group, relative to the control group. Significantly increased CT in the AT group, relative to controls, was observed in a right middle frontal gyrus (MFG) cluster. Furthermore, CT changes in this cluster were significantly and positively correlated with changes in immediate memory. Conclusion: These findings highlighted the role of MFG neuroplasticity in enhancing certain cognitive functions in AT. AT is a neuroplastic intervention capable of engendering significant cognitive gains and associated cortical changes in the context of age-related cognitive decline, even when executed as a low-intensity intervention across 3 months. Given the preliminary nature of these findings, future larger sampled studies are needed. Copyright © INS. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2020.
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.sourceScopus OA2021
dc.subjectArt therapy
dc.subjectCognitive enhancement
dc.subjectCortical thickness
dc.subjectMild cognitive impairment
dc.contributor.departmentDEPT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE
dc.contributor.departmentDEPT OF PHARMACOLOGY
dc.contributor.departmentPSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE
dc.description.sourcetitleJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
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