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Title: Dental caries in association with viral load in children living with HIV in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a cross-sectional study
Authors: Kikuchi, Kimiyo
Yasuoka, Junko
Tuot, Sovannary
Okawa, Sumiyo
Yem, Sokunthea
Chhoun, Pheak
Murayama, Makoto
Huot, Chantheany
Yi, Siyan 
Keywords: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Cross?sectional study
Dental caries
Viral load
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2021
Publisher: NLM (Medline)
Citation: Kikuchi, Kimiyo, Yasuoka, Junko, Tuot, Sovannary, Okawa, Sumiyo, Yem, Sokunthea, Chhoun, Pheak, Murayama, Makoto, Huot, Chantheany, Yi, Siyan (2021-03-25). Dental caries in association with viral load in children living with HIV in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a cross-sectional study. BMC oral health 21 (1). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Oral health status is associated with the overall health among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, it is unclear whether dental caries is associated with the viral load in this population. Particularly, dental caries among children living with HIV needs better understanding as this can affect their overall health and future well-being. This study assessed the association between dental caries and viral load among children living with HIV in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted at the National Pediatric Hospital as a baseline survey of a randomized controlled trial, included 328, 3-15-year-old children living with HIV and their primary caregivers. Calibrated and trained examiners conducted oral examinations for dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) in the children and retrieved the latest HIV viral load data from the hospital's patient information system. On the dental examination day, the children and their caregivers were invited to answer a questionnaire-based interview. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the association between dental caries and viral load. The cut-off point for undetectable viral load was set at ?1000 copies/mL) (AOR: 1.12, CI: 1.03-1.23). CONCLUSIONS: Dental caries was associated with viral load status detection among children living with HIV. This finding suggests that dental caries may affect their immune status. The oral health of children living with HIV should be strengthened, and further research is needed to clarify the causal relationship between viral load and oral health status.
Source Title: BMC oral health
ISSN: 1472-6831
DOI: 10.1186/s12903-021-01441-2
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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