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Title: Effect of oral nutritional supplementation on growth in children with undernutrition: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
Authors: Zhang, Zhiying
Li, Fei
Hannon, Bridget A.
Hustead, Deborah S.
Aw, Marion M. 
Liu, Zhongyuan
Chuah, Khun Aik
Low, Yen Ling
Huynh, Dieu T. T.
Keywords: Children
Oral nutritional supplements
Issue Date: 30-Aug-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Zhang, Zhiying, Li, Fei, Hannon, Bridget A., Hustead, Deborah S., Aw, Marion M., Liu, Zhongyuan, Chuah, Khun Aik, Low, Yen Ling, Huynh, Dieu T. T. (2021-08-30). Effect of oral nutritional supplementation on growth in children with undernutrition: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Nutrients 13 (9) : 3036. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are used to promote catch‐up growth in children with undernutrition. We conducted a systematic review and meta‐analysis to summarize the evidence of ONS intervention effects on growth for 9‐month‐ to 12‐year‐old children who were undernourished or at nutritional risk. Eleven randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria; trials compared changes in anthropometric measures in children using ONS or ONS + DC (dietary counselling) to measures for those following usual diet or placebo or DC alone. The RCTs included 2287 children without chronic diseases (mean age 5.87 years [SD, 1.35]; 56% boys). At follow‐up time points up to 6 months, results showed that children in the ONS intervention group had greater gains in weight (0.423 kg, [95% confidence interval 0.234, 0.613], p < 0.001) and height (0.417 cm [0.059, 0.776], p = 0.022) versus control; greater gains in weight (0.089 kg [0.049, 0.130], p < 0.001) were evident as early as 7–10 days. Longitudinal analyses with repeated measures at 30, 60, and 90 days showed greater gains in weight parameters from 30 days onwards (p < 0.001), a trend towards greater height gains at 90 days (p = 0.056), and significantly greater gains in height‐for‐age percentiles and z‐scores at 30 and 90 days, respectively (p < 0.05). Similar results were found in subgroup analyses of studies comparing ONS + DC to DC alone. For children with undernutrition, particularly those who were mildly and moderately undernourished, usage of ONS in a nutritional intervention resulted in significantly better growth outcomes when compared to control treatments (usual diet, placebo or DC alone). © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Nutrients
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu13093036
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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