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Title: National Health Survey on the Prevalence of Urinary Abnormalities in the Population: then and now (1975 to 2012)
Authors: Woo, Keng Thye
Chan, Choong Meng
Wong, Kok Seng
Choong, Hui Lin
Tan, Han Khim
Foo, Marjorie WY
Anantharaman, Vathsala 
Lee, Evan JC 
Tan, Chorh Chuan 
Lee, Grace SL
Yap, Hui Kim 
Tan, Hwee Boon
Chin, Yok-Mooi
Lim, Cheng Hong
Keywords: Chronic kidney disease
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2012
Citation: Woo, Keng Thye, Chan, Choong Meng, Wong, Kok Seng, Choong, Hui Lin, Tan, Han Khim, Foo, Marjorie WY, Anantharaman, Vathsala, Lee, Evan JC, Tan, Chorh Chuan, Lee, Grace SL, Yap, Hui Kim, Tan, Hwee Boon, Chin, Yok-Mooi, Lim, Cheng Hong (2012-08-01). National Health Survey on the Prevalence of Urinary Abnormalities in the Population: then and now (1975 to 2012). ANNALS ACADEMY OF MEDICINE SINGAPORE 41 (8) : 339-346. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: This paper presents the results of a community survey on urinary abnormalities which covered 1/80th of the population of Singapore in 1975. These fi ndings were compared with the data from the Singapore National Service Registrants in 1974 as well as data from a recent survey in Singapore and that of other Asian and Western countries. Materials and Methods: The study covered 18,000 persons aged 15 years and above, representing a sampling fraction of 1/80th of the population. A total of 16,808 respondents attended the fi eld examination centres, of whom 16,497 had their urine sample tested representing 92.7% of the sample population. Results: In the dipstick urine testing at the fi eld examination centres, 769 subjects (4.6%) were found to have urinary abnormalities. Two hundred and eighty-two (36.7%) of these 769 subjects were found to have urinary abnormalities based on urine microscopy constituting a prevalence of 1.71%. The prevalence of proteinuria was 0.63% and for both haematuria and proteinuria was 0.73%. The prevalence for hypertension was 0.43% and renal insuffi ciency was 0.1%. Discussion: The consensus is that routine screening for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population is not cost effective as the yield is too low. Whilst, most studies showed that screening of the general population was not cost effective, it has been suggested that screening for targeted groups of subjects could help to identify certain risk groups who may benefi t from early intervention to prevent or retard the progression of CKD. Conclusion:The prevalence of urinary abnormalities in Singapore has remained the same, now and three decades ago.
ISSN: 0304-4602
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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