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dc.titleRAS-protein activation but not mutation status is an outcome predictor and unifying therapeutic target for high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia
dc.contributor.authorKoschut, David
dc.contributor.authorRay, Debleena
dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhenhua
dc.contributor.authorGiarin, Emanuela
dc.contributor.authorGroet, Jurgen
dc.contributor.authorAlic, Ivan
dc.contributor.authorKham, Shirley Kow-Yin
dc.contributor.authorChng, Wee Joo
dc.contributor.authorAriffin, Hany
dc.contributor.authorWeinstock, David M
dc.contributor.authorYeoh, Allen Eng-Juh
dc.contributor.authorBasso, Giuseppe
dc.contributor.authorNizetic, Dean
dc.identifier.citationKoschut, David, Ray, Debleena, Li, Zhenhua, Giarin, Emanuela, Groet, Jurgen, Alic, Ivan, Kham, Shirley Kow-Yin, Chng, Wee Joo, Ariffin, Hany, Weinstock, David M, Yeoh, Allen Eng-Juh, Basso, Giuseppe, Nizetic, Dean (2021-01-28). RAS-protein activation but not mutation status is an outcome predictor and unifying therapeutic target for high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia. ONCOGENE 40 (4) : 746-762. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractLeukemias are routinely sub-typed for risk/outcome prediction and therapy choice using acquired mutations and chromosomal rearrangements. Down syndrome acute lymphoblastic leukemia (DS‐ALL) is characterized by high frequency of CRLF2‐rearrangements, JAK2‐mutations, or RAS‐pathway mutations. Intriguingly, JAK2 and RAS-mutations are mutually exclusive in leukemic sub‐clones, causing dichotomy in therapeutic target choices. We prove in a cell model that elevated CRLF2 in combination with constitutionally active JAK2 is sufficient to activate wtRAS. On primary clinical DS‐ALL samples, we show that wtRAS-activation is an obligatory consequence of mutated/hyperphosphorylated JAK2. We further prove that CRLF2-ligand TSLP boosts the direct binding of active PTPN11 to wtRAS, providing the molecular mechanism for the wtRAS activation. Pre‐inhibition of RAS or PTPN11, but not of PI3K or JAK‐signaling, prevented TSLP‐induced RAS‐GTP boost. Cytotoxicity assays on primary clinical DS‐ALL samples demonstrated that, regardless of mutation status, high-risk leukemic cells could only be killed using RAS‐inhibitor or PTPN11-inhibitor, but not PI3K/JAK‐inhibitors, suggesting a unified treatment target for up to 80% of DS‐ALL. Importantly, protein activities-based principal-component-analysis multivariate clusters analyzed for independent outcome prediction using Cox proportional-hazards model showed that protein‐activity (but not mutation-status) was independently predictive of outcome, demanding a paradigm-shift in patient‐stratification strategy for precision therapy in high-risk ALL.
dc.subjectScience & Technology
dc.subjectLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology
dc.subjectCell Biology
dc.subjectGenetics & Heredity
dc.contributor.departmentDEAN'S OFFICE (MEDICINE)
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