Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227294
Title: HOW SITUATIONAL EXPERIENCES AND PATHOLOGICAL TRAITS INFLUENCE DAILY COGNITIVE DISTORTIONS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
Authors: SAMANTHA KANG XIAO HUI
Keywords: cognitive distortions
symptoms
situations
experience-sampling
personality pathology
negative affectivity
detachment
psychoticism
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2022
Citation: SAMANTHA KANG XIAO HUI (2022-04-08). HOW SITUATIONAL EXPERIENCES AND PATHOLOGICAL TRAITS INFLUENCE DAILY COGNITIVE DISTORTIONS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This thesis aims to examine the joint and independent influence of pathological personality traits and situational experiences, on daily amounts of cognitive distortions and psychological symptoms. We first gathered information on demographics and pathological traits (as operationalized in the Alternative Model of Personality) from 309 college students. We then used a diary study, collecting data at 7 timepoints, on the situational experiences, daily cognitive distortions, and daily psychological symptoms that these students face. Multi-level analysis showed that adverse situations were significantly and positively predictive of the amount of daily cognitive distortions and psychological symptoms. Negative affectivity, detachment, and psychoticism were also found to be significantly and positively predictive of the amount of daily cognitive distortions and psychological symptoms. Exploratory analyses revealed that adverse situations predicted more psychological symptoms for individuals high on detachment, and that adverse situations predicted greater amounts of cognitive distortions for females. However, cross-level interactions were sparse, and mostly independent effects were found. This study uses recent developments in situational measurements to empirically examine the roles of both situational experiences and pathological traits in predicting levels of cognitive distortions and psychological symptoms. Implications of the results are further discussed in this paper.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227294
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

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