Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227283
Title: KEYBOARD WARRIORS AND KEYBOARD HEROES: EFFECTS OF HEROIC IMAGINATION ON ONLINE BYSTANDER BEHAVIOUR
Authors: MICHELLE ANG WEN BAO
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2022
Citation: MICHELLE ANG WEN BAO (2022-04-08). KEYBOARD WARRIORS AND KEYBOARD HEROES: EFFECTS OF HEROIC IMAGINATION ON ONLINE BYSTANDER BEHAVIOUR. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Online sexual harassment (OSH) has become more prevalent even in the backdrop of the #MeToo movement. While the importance of bystander intervention is increasingly recognised, there is limited effectiveness of current efforts encouraging upstanding behaviour, especially online. At the same time, little is understood about bystander’s reinforcement of the harassment (i.e., enabling behaviour) and its antecedents. Adopting a fully between-subjects design, the current study examined if heroic imagination – or taking the perspective of a hero – can increase moral sensitivity and perceived power in bystanders, thereby increasing their likelihood of enacting upstanding behaviour while decreasing their likelihood of exhibiting enabling behaviour upon witnessing OSH. 186 participants’ behavioural responses to fictitious Facebook posts, some of which depicted OSH, were analysed. Results indicated no significant effects of heroic imagination on moral sensitivity, perceived power, and any bystander behaviour. Only moral sensitivity and rape myth acceptance significantly predicted upstanding behaviour. Endorsement of rape myths – specifically the belief that “rape is a trivial event” – significantly predicted enabling behaviour. Findings suggest that bystander training programmes can aim to increase participants’ moral sensitivity and debunk rape myths to encourage upstanding behaviour.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227283
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