Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/226623
Title: ADOPTION OF IDD IN CONTRACTOR SMALL-MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN THE SINGAPORE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Authors: SHANNICE HO XINYING
Keywords: Integrated Digital Delivery
Digital Technology
Small-Medium Enterprises
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: SHANNICE HO XINYING (2022). ADOPTION OF IDD IN CONTRACTOR SMALL-MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN THE SINGAPORE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: IDD was introduced by the Building Construction Authority under the Construction ITM to prepare Singapore’s construction industry to change towards digitisation. Using non- sustainable traditional construction methods, the construction industry involves multiple stakeholders that were fragmented and separated in nature, making integration an issue. This problem is further escalated as new projects are becoming increasingly bigger and more complex in nature. Therefore, IDD uses digital tools and builds on existing BIM models and VDC to combine works across the entire construction value chain and enhance collaboration among all the professionals throughout all phases of IDD. With the use of digital tools such as open data sharing platforms, professional stakeholders can share relevant information seamlessly and speed up the construction process, minimising errors, delays, and costly reworks. However, organisations such as Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs) face multiple limitations due to their organisation size, especially in making large investments such as digital technologies. Therefore, this study seeks to examine the level of adoption of technology, investigate current implementation status of IDD and its technologies in contractor SMEs and investigate the drivers and barriers to the adoption of IDD and finally, propose suitable strategies to mitigate the challenges of SMEs being unable to adopt IDD. The literature reviews outline the usage of various digital construction tools across the four phases implemented in Singapore and other countries. A total of 29 drivers, 30 barriers and 20 strategies were pinpointed and authenticated by construction professionals in the industry. Survey questions were then crafted and disseminated through emails to the industry experts for data collection. There was a total of 55 responses collected to examine the different perceptions on the drivers, barriers, and strategies for the adoption of IDD. Subsequently, various professionals were interviewed after the collection of the data for validation of the survey responses. The analysis results shows that most respondents agree that IDD will benefit the construction industry at all three levels – Industry, Organisation and Project. The survey results have also shown that the top drivers towards the adoption of IDD are Ease of Retrieval of Information, Systematic Project Management and lastly, Detection of Potential Safety Issues in the Building / Infrastructure. The top three barriers to IDD adoption were found to be the Size of the Organisation, Lack of Staff Expertise and Employee’s Conservation towards New Technology. The top three strategies that help mitigate these challenges are Adopt IDD in more public projects to spur demand to expose organisations to the use of IDD allowing them to be more proficient in the technology, Financial Subsidies and Financial Incentives such as tax rebates and grants given to organisations who choose to adopt IDD. This research has illustrated that to encourage higher adoption rates of IDD by organisations, close collaboration between government and the construction companies is quintessential. The government must understand what types of challenges are faced by the companies in the construction sector to provide the suitable support systems for them to encourage them to adopt IDD. On the other hand, construction firms need to be more open and receptive towards exploring alternatives such as digital technologies instead of being conservative and stick to their familiar traditional construction methods to overcome the barriers that they may face if they adopt IDD technologies. The significant drivers, barriers and strategies identified and analysed in the data analysis will provide a comprehensive research analysis and results to supplement the current IDD knowledge by providing as a reference point and benchmark for future studies on the adoption of IDD, contributing to the knowledge base of IDD technology.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/226623
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

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