Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/223493
Title: RECONSTRUCTING CHINESE IDENTITY THROUGH ARCHITECTURE IN POST-SUHARTO JAKARTA: THE EXHIBITIONARY COMPLEX AND POLITICS OF IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION
Authors: OSCAR KORINTUS
Keywords: Architecture
Design Track
DT
Master
Jeffrey Chan Kok Hui
2013/2014 Aki DT
Architecture - political aspects
Chinese - Indonesia
Identity politics
Issue Date: 12-Nov-2013
Citation: OSCAR KORINTUS (2013-11-12). RECONSTRUCTING CHINESE IDENTITY THROUGH ARCHITECTURE IN POST-SUHARTO JAKARTA: THE EXHIBITIONARY COMPLEX AND POLITICS OF IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Chinese culture in Indonesia was heavily suppressed under Suharto’s New Order assimilation policies, resulting in the exacerbation of stereotypes against the ethnic group. The “anti-Chinese” May 1998 riots served as a turning point, as the Chinese sought to eliminate discrimination and reconstruct their own identity in the pluralistic post-Suharto political atmosphere. The result is a surge in Chinese public representations – in organizations, media, education, and the urban landscape. The latter situates the construction of this new positive identity within architectural production. However, the problematic link between architectural symbolism and social meaning calls for an assessment of the mode of delivery of ideologies through architecture. Against this background, this dissertation first investigates the intersection between identity and two types of architecture: functional and symbolic. It then explores two theoretical components – the exhibitionary complex, an architectural form that acts as a mode of imparting ideologies; and the politics of identity construction, the ways in which an oppressed group reclaims a self-defined identity. Two case studies in Jakarta metropolitan area, Taman Budaya Tionghoa (Chinese-Indonesian Cultural Park) and Museum Benteng Heritage, provide empirical grounding to the theoretical framework. The two reveal varying cultural and political orientations, as well as different ways in employing the exhibitionary complex. This leads to a discussion of the role of architecture in the social ambition of identity reconstruction.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/223493
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