Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/223479
Title: TOWARDS CREATIVE USE: A STUDY ON USER PARTICIPATION IN CONTEMPORARY JAPANESE RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE
Authors: LAI GUANYUN ELAINE
Keywords: Architecture
Design Track
DT
Master
Tsuto Sakamoto
2012/2013 Aki DT
Arch
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2014
Citation: LAI GUANYUN ELAINE (2014-09-23). TOWARDS CREATIVE USE: A STUDY ON USER PARTICIPATION IN CONTEMPORARY JAPANESE RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This dissertation explores the notion of ‘user participation’ in contemporary Japanese residential architecture. Tracing a particular intergenerational lineage of Japanese architects: Kazuo Shinohara, Kazunari Sakamoto and Yoshiharu Tsukamoto, their architecture revealed a consciousness towards the users of space. They searched for an architectural expression that not only caters to users’ needs but also allows users’ responses to further enhance the significance of their architecture. In the 1950s-1960s Japanese architecture scene, a debate on the Japanese tradition led to a series of discussions and critiques towards modern functionalism and its ability to address users’ needs. Shinohara believed in an architecture that caters to the emotional needs of Man, thus, his architecture aimed to relate to the human senses and emotions. In his works, user participation occurs in the form of individual’s interpretations of space through sensorial perceptions. Drawing it parallel to Herman Hertzberger’s concept of polyvalence, users’ interpretations of space induce various possibilities for them to engage in the use of space. In Sakamoto’s and Tsukamoto’s architecture, user participation occurs through the act of using space. Supported by Michel De Certeau’s concept of strategies and tactics, such forms of user participation suggest a potential in the subversive practice of the user to enhance spatial qualities and allow architecture to develop characteristics that are beyond the architect’s intention. Through a series of comparison and analyses of the three architect’s designs and relating them to contemporary discussions on ‘user participation’, this dissertation examines the role of the user in residential architecture design. Further introducing Jonathan Hill’s concept of ‘creative use’ as a common approach among the three architects, we seek to understand how users can perform an active role in the use of space and to engage in ‘creative use’. Recognizing a potential in users as the ‘makers’ of space, this paper aims to investigate how the act of ‘creative use’ in the practice of the everyday opens up to alternative architectural expressions in contemporary residential design.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/223479
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