Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222859
Title: BIODIVERSITY MAINSTREAMING IN THE NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE AGENDA OF THE PHILIPPINES
Authors: LIM THERESA ELIZAMINDA SISON
Keywords: Environmental Management
MEM
Master (Environmental Management)
2019/2020 EnvM
Araral Eduardo
Issue Date: 16-Jul-2020
Citation: LIM THERESA ELIZAMINDA SISON (2020-07-16). BIODIVERSITY MAINSTREAMING IN THE NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE AGENDA OF THE PHILIPPINES. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: With the status of biodiversity on a constant decline, the importance of mainstreaming biodiversity is becoming even more evident. It has been acknowledged by the Convention on Biological Diversity that without mainstreaming biodiversity within and across sectors, its objectives would be impossible to meet. As one of the main drivers of biodiversity loss, climate change is among the areas that should consider biodiversity in its plans. In response to this, the study assessed the level of mainstreaming in the national climate change agenda of the Philippines, one of the most megadiverse country in the world. In order to carry out the study, several laws, policies and plans were reviewed. Interviews with government agencies have also been undertaken to support the research. Based from the analysis, it was revealed that although some aspects of biodiversity have already been integrated, there is still much room for improvement especially in terms of harmonizing the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan and the National Climate Change Action Plan. Furthermore, aside from updating current policies and plans, the Nationally Determined Contributions, which is yet to be submitted by the Philippines, also provides a good opportunity to facilitate the embedding of biodiversity in climate change planning. Meanwhile, in terms of linking climate change and biodiversity actions, Nature-based Solutions come into play. Nature-based Solutions involves ecosystem-related approaches that are directed towards addressing different societal challenges. These initiatives do not only support conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity but also provide co-benefits in climate change adaptation and mitigation. ‘Nature-based Solutions’ is a fairly new term in the Philippines which is not mentioned in existing policies and plans on climate change. However, findings suggest that actions applying the concept have previously been implemented, albeit using different terms. Hence documenting such actions as well as recognizing ‘Nature-based Solutions’ as a collective terminology to describe the concept would be useful. In conclusion, other measures to improve bio iversity mainstreaming in the national climate change agenda have been identified. These include establishing synergistic biodiversity and climate change initiatives, strengthening the collaboration between different actors and finally, translating policies and plans into concrete actions.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222859
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