Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222724
Title: A STUDY ON FIRE EVACUATION SIMULATION OF A BUILDING
Authors: GOH WEE KIAT
Keywords: Building
PFM
Project and Facilities Management
Goh Yang Miang
2014/2015 PFM
Evacuation Time Performance
Exit Strategies
Factors
Light Industrial Building
Safety Benchmark
Simulation Model
Issue Date: 19-Jun-2015
Citation: GOH WEE KIAT (2015-06-19). A STUDY ON FIRE EVACUATION SIMULATION OF A BUILDING. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: An effective building evacuation is paramount to fire safety in the building for a safe escape. The consequences of such can be detrimental which may result in substantial amounts of property damages and holistically affect the safety of the occupants. In Singapore, all the buildings are governed by the Fire Code, also known as the Singapore Code of Practice for Fire Precautions in Buildings, a standard which provides a comprehensive set of fire safety requirements, encompassing both passive and active fire protection. Also, the Fire Safety Act was enacted in 1994 to enforce fire safety regulations (Fire Safety Act, 2014) These codes and standards are enacted to mitigate the possible effects of fire; to protect and save lives, and to preserve the integrity of the properties found within the building. For decades, researchers have been working to meliorate on the fire safety practices through developing communications models, studying human behaviours and implementing fire safety guidelines that can endeavour to elucidate the impact for an effective building evacuation. The preconditions for an effective building evacuation include a sufficient range of fire safety facilities and escape routes in the building. Additionally, building occupants are also required to demonstrate swift fire responsiveness and receptiveness. These preconditions can be achieved through carrying out fire drill exercise in the form of a full evacuation drill, which will then serve as a safety benchmark based on the evacuation’s time performance. However, in spite of achieving full compliance to the fire code and bolstering an effective evacuation strategy on paper, the evacuation timing recorded in drills is still not satisfactory. Besides, as the buildings are getting higher and more complex, it is pertinent to develop a real time interactive evacuation strategy. This will prove to be more effective than the traditional approach of mainly conducting fire drill exercises, which lacks flexibility. Therefore, this research aims to develop an evacuation simulation model and to identify the factors influencing the time taken for evacuation, particularly for light industrial. The author will also be comparing the researcher’s data and input these parameters into the software to determine the results differ significant from the real life case study. The study will be accomplished through conducting in-depth research, analysing of literature reviews, case studies and developing of the simulation model.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222724
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
Goh Wee Kiat 2014-2015.pdfA Study on Fire Evacuation Simulation of a Building6.55 MBAdobe PDF

RESTRICTED

NoneLog In

Page view(s)

11
checked on Feb 2, 2023

Download(s)

1
checked on Feb 2, 2023

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.