Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222569
Title: REESTABLISHMENT OF AVIFAUNA IN HIGH DENSITY URBAN AREAS: A NEW MODEL OF INTEGRATING URBAN ECOLOGY WITH HIGH DENSITY LIVING
Authors: LIN XIONG
Keywords: Architecture
Design Technology and Sustainability
DTS
Master (Architecture)
Patrick Janssen
2014/2015 Aki DTS
High density living
Urban biodiversity
Issue Date: 6-Aug-2015
Citation: LIN XIONG (2015-08-06). REESTABLISHMENT OF AVIFAUNA IN HIGH DENSITY URBAN AREAS: A NEW MODEL OF INTEGRATING URBAN ECOLOGY WITH HIGH DENSITY LIVING. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Urbanisation is often accompanied with the loss of biodiversity as the increase in demand for land and raw material often results in habitat degradation. Singapore, being a relatively new nation, is one such example. Over the past few decades, in the post war periods, Singapore underwent this phenomenon due to the economy and population boom. During this period Singapore lost majority of its original fauna and flora and was considered to be the worst case of deforestation in Southeast Asia. Studies indicate that forest degradation and fragmentation is two of the major factors of decline in biodiversity in Singapore; and green corridors are perceived as one of the solutions to the problem (Tan, 2006); connecting existing green patches and replanting of trees to reintroduce new fauna and flora population into the degraded habitats. The island wide park connector scheme is one such initiative by the Singaporean government to protect and re-establish Singapore’s urban ecology. Green corridors are design to fulfil recreational and nature conservational needs and are often open- spaces in the forms of parks & park connectors. Being restricted by land scarcity, open-spaces are considered a luxury. With projected increase in population in the near future, more land is needed to support the growing population and thus, land reclamation is used as an alternative to deforestation. However, land reclamation is not always viable, due to the limited suitable costal areas and its threat to costal ecology. Thus, another alternative mode of solution is need; an alternative solution which allows for coexistence between human and nature. This thesis aims to investigate and propose an experimental high density ecotopia concept for the future Singapore. This concept aims for the integration of natural ecology with high density urbanism. Using green corridor as the foundation and incorporating high density residential typologies to formulate a new green sky rise topology, which fulfils the 3 aspects of nature conservation, re-establishment of biodiversity, and living with nature. The design will use avifauna as the subject community for re-colonization of the new proposed habitat. The first part of the thesis report is a short background of current Singapore green coverage and green policies. The second part will investigate and highlight the current problems in the existing green spaces of Singapore. The third part of the thesis will focus on the design requirements of suitable bird habitat which encourage the reestablishment of avifauna community. The fourth part will include the application of the design requirements for intensive planting on man-made structures and design of skyrise green space which enables the reestablishment of urban biodiversity. Then finally I will conclude with future improvements.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222569
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