Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222321
Title: THE INTRIGUES OF DARKNESS : HISTORICAL, MYTHOLOGICAL AND MYSTICAL CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE KRATONS OF SURAKARTA AND YOGYAKARTA TOWARDS JAVANESE SELF ACTUALISATION AND LEGITIMACY
Authors: NASSAR BIN MOHAMAD ZAIN
Keywords: Architecture
Wong Chong Thai Bobby
Issue Date: 24-Oct-2009
Citation: NASSAR BIN MOHAMAD ZAIN (2009-10-24T07:19:06Z). THE INTRIGUES OF DARKNESS : HISTORICAL, MYTHOLOGICAL AND MYSTICAL CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE KRATONS OF SURAKARTA AND YOGYAKARTA TOWARDS JAVANESE SELF ACTUALISATION AND LEGITIMACY. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The Kraton (royal courts) in Central Java with all its traditions, belief system, attributes and cultural symbols, which was formed over a course of a long history have been the socio-cultural, political, religious and cosmological epicenter of all things Javanese. Although it is not the Kraton which govern Indonesia today, its sphere of influence is irrefutable. The Sultans and Susuhanans, the revered cosmological figures reflect the Javanese self dignity and worth. This pride bordering on arrogance is highly visible, as the Kraton is a mystical world to the Javanese, full of codes and proper conduct. A holiness and cosmic vigour is attributed not only to the Sultan and Susuhanan but also to the Kraton building as well as the ornaments and royal regalia (benda pusaka) within them. The presence of the Dutch East India Company, the Verengde Oost-indische Compagnie (VOC) and Dutch colonial rule had left deep trenches within the psyche of every Javanese. The Kraton’s responses to the domination and balances of power were expressed in many forms, explicit via regular receptions of foreign dignitaries and implicit (alus) via cultural art forms like the wayang kulit (shadow puppetry). The one interesting event however was the organized fight shows between the tiger and buffalos, for visiting Governors and dignitaries in the frontmost part of the Kraton called the Alunalun Lor. The tiger will almost always lose, but the symbolism of it (the tiger and buffalo representing the Dutch and Javanese respectively) however went unnoticed to the Dutch party except however by the British. This dissertation concerned itself with the explicit architectural manifestations of power relation and hegemony over the Central Javanese realm. The adoption of European technological innovations as well as fashion, culture and architecture relates very much that part of Javanese intelligentsia and localization culture, fitting what is foreign and alien into their own philosophy and traditions. On another hand, it should also be read as a sign of legitimacy and the return of hegemonic power to the Javanese rules, thus its desirability and even necessity. Through the course of these investigations, the findings not only reveal the intricacies of this power relation but also the role and relevance of constructing that Javanese self, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia, as led by the two main Kraton as well as the princely houses of Mangkunegaran and Paku Alam , in today’s Indonesian context.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222321
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Restricted)

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
Nassar Bin Mohamad Zain 2008-2009.pdf2.68 MBAdobe PDF

RESTRICTED

NoneLog In

Page view(s)

8
checked on Sep 29, 2022

Download(s)

3
checked on Sep 29, 2022

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.