Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222052
Title: THE STUDY OF PARTICIPATORY DESIGN: AN ADOPTIVE FRAMEWORK FOR SINGAPORE
Authors: NAH YUN YUAN STEPHANIE
Keywords: Architecture
Design Track
DT
Master (Architecture)
Tan Beng Kiang
2016/2017 Aki DT
Arnstein’s ladder
IAP2’s spectrum
Participation Schemas
Participatory design
Public engagement
Issue Date: 29-Dec-2016
Citation: NAH YUN YUAN STEPHANIE (2016-12-29). THE STUDY OF PARTICIPATORY DESIGN: AN ADOPTIVE FRAMEWORK FOR SINGAPORE. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The concept of Participatory Design (PD) has existed around the 1960s, with a growing demand for greater consideration of public opinions in decision-making process. By engaging the end-users, partners and designers during the process, it helps extensively in creating environments which users find more receptive. PD is an underdeveloped area in Singapore, simply because, we have been working from a top-down approach. Government sectors such as the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA), Building Construction Authority (BCA), Land Transport Authority (LTA), National Environment Authority (NEA) have placed their imposition through Concept Plans and Master Plans. First part of the dissertation paper studies the evolution of PD from1960s to the present. The study of historical development of PD presents an overview understanding of PD process, its rationale, challenges and principles. The paper also aims to examine three varying models derived in different periods; namely the Arnstein’s Ladder of citizen engagement published in 1969, IAP2’s spectrum which was designed to assist with the selection of the level of participation and lastly, Participation Schemas, a conceptual tool formulated by Pedro Prieto-Martin and Alvaro Ramirez upon analysis and evaluation of previous participatory tools. The exposure to the various kind of models provides us with a ground to evaluate for ourselves what should be the public engagement framework deem appropriate, for both overseas and local contexts. Bearing in mind how different cultural, social, economic and political context influences varying participation levels, the second part of the paper seeks to use the readapted participatory framework from earlier understanding of participatory models to evaluate the level of participation of overseas precedent studies from Taiwan and Korea. The final part of the dissertation seeks to look at Singapore’s milestone of public engagement, studying the trends of PD in Singapore by highlighting a couple of prominent projects since the age of pragmatism till present day.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222052
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