Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222009
Title: CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY FAILURE AND ITS IMPACT ON ISLAND STATES: CASE OF SINGAPORE AND SRI LANKA
Authors: MUTU TANTRIGE OSADA VISHVAJITH PEIRIS
Keywords: Environmental Management
Master (Environmental Management)
MEM
Seck Tan
2015/2016 EnvM
Adaptation
Climate Change
Island States
Mitigation
Policy Failure
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2016
Citation: MUTU TANTRIGE OSADA VISHVAJITH PEIRIS (2016-01-15). CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY FAILURE AND ITS IMPACT ON ISLAND STATES: CASE OF SINGAPORE AND SRI LANKA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Climate Change (CC) is universally recognized as a major global threat due to its nature of impacts (IPCC, 2013). The risks including water shortage, issues in food security, increase of poverty, and climate induced migrations threat the livelihood of world population. Most importantly, CC poses a risk of violent conflict over increasingly scarce resources such as fresh water and arable land (Raleigh & Urdal, 2007). In this context, many countries have initiated mitigation and adaptation actions through sector based policy measures. By evaluating the level of achievement of set objectives over a specific timeline, policies can rate as success or failure. It is also argued that CC policies fail due to uncertainty of the impacts, long time frames, clash with long-term socioeconomic policy objectives, and trans-boundary nature of the issues (Howlett, 2014). Island states are known to be the most vulnerable to CC impacts (IPCC, 2014). Singapore and Sri Lanka are two Asian island states with significant differences in the level of development and geographic features, and few similarities in terms of economic drivers and climate response strategies. As vulnerable states for CC impacts, both countries have taken necessary steps to formulate climate change policy followed by strategies. The present study compares the key climate driven performance indicators with historical data to measure the failure of climate change policy. The mitigation and adaptation strategies are country specific, so the study attempts to follow a common criterion to understand the effort of each country on achieving its expected objectives. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from various land uses are taken as the proxy for climate change mitigation evaluation while national expenditure (as a share of Gross Domestic Product) of key economic sectors are considered for measuring adaptation actions. Failure of CC policy in Sri Lanka and Singapore is compared to understand the contextual priorities and possible lessons that can be learnt from each other. Comparatively, Sri Lanka has given a high priority for adaptation aspects while Singapore has prioritized on mitigation actions as response to climate change.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/222009
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Restricted)

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