Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/221221
Title: PROMOTING RENEWABLE ENERGY & IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY: AN ASSESSMENT OF SINGAPORE'S APPROACH
Authors: ANG ZHI QIN KEVIN
Keywords: Environmental Management
Master (Environmental Management)
MEM
Study Report (MEM)
Farooq Shamsuzzaman
Neoh Koon Gee
2009/2010 EnvM
Issue Date: 15-Aug-2017
Citation: ANG ZHI QIN KEVIN (2017-08-15). PROMOTING RENEWABLE ENERGY & IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY: AN ASSESSMENT OF SINGAPORE'S APPROACH. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The world’s climate is changing at a very rapid and unpredictable pace due to economic and social activities. Since industrial revolution, the hydrocarbon-based energy systems in use have been highly pollutive to the atmosphere, resulting in climate change, also commonly known as global warming. This has evolved into the main environmental concern of our time. It is important to implement effective measures to abate global warming to sustain the living environment for future generations. To this end, world leaders have gathered in Stockholm (1972) for the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment to discuss the need to eliminate or limit degradation of the human environment, both at national and international levels. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was thus formed to study climate science and potential environmental and socio-economic consequences. Over the years, world leaders continued to meet on a regular basis to negotiate climate mitigation measures at the United Nations Climate Change Conference, with the latest in Copenhagen (2009). Although the Copenhagen Accord arising out of this international platform failed to meet expectations of many, it has nevertheless set the stage for more effective negotiations in years to come. Moreover, the conference managed to raise climate change to the highest level of governmental attention and demonstrate a political consensus on long-term, global response to climate change. Despite the non-legally binding nature of the Copenhagen Accord, the fact remains that it is better than having no agreement at all. In the case of Singapore, the small yet affluent nation has committed much mitigation efforts to climate change even though its total contribution to global emission is negligible at 0.15%. Besides briefly documenting the current global climate change situation and international efforts in place to mitigate this, the study report mainly covers Singapore’s scenario – including its power sources and energy usage, policies and initiatives established to achieve energy efficiency and address global warming, as well as the potential use of alternative energy in Singapore to advance its efforts in climate mitigation and improve energy security. Today, the power generation sector remains the main energy consumer in Singapore. The Singapore government has taken measures to improve the energy efficiency through the adoption of co-generation and tri-generation technology. Moreover, the progressive switch from fuel oil to natural gas for power generation, which is a less carbon-intensive fuel, has effectively lowered emission levels over time. Other key sectors of energy consumption are industrial, transport, building and households. The report also documents initiatives that have been implemented in these sectors to achieve energy efficiency. These are often collaborations between governmental agencies and private sector. The most promising clean sources of energy for Singapore appear to be solar and nuclear energy. The report therefore concludes with a short analysis of Singapore’s energy outlook in the near future and also some plausible policies and measures that could be implemented to achieve energy efficiency. These proposed policies and measures would further contribute to Singapore’s efforts to achieve energy efficiency and mitigate climate change.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/221221
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