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Title: Linear Quasi-Parallax SfM for various classes of biological eyes
Keywords: biological eyes, lateral cameras, linear structure from motion, quasi parallax, Ego-motion estimation based on optical flow, bas-relief ambiguity
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2010
Citation: HU CHUANXIN (2010-01-08). Linear Quasi-Parallax SfM for various classes of biological eyes. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A large class of visual systems in the biological world often has multiple eyes in simultaneous motion and yet has little or no overlap in the visual fields between the eyes. These systems include the lateral eyes found in many vertebrates and the compound eyes in insects. Instead of computing feature correspondences between the eyes, which might not even be possible due to the lack of overlap in the visual fields, we exploit the organizational possibility offered by the eye topography. In particular, we leverage on the pair of visual rays that are parallel to each other but opposite in direction, and compute what we call the quasiparallax for translation recovery. Besides resulting in parsimonious visual processing, the quasi-parallax term also enhances the information pick-up for the translation, as it is almost rotation-free. The rotation is subsequently recovered from a pencil of visual rays using the individual epipolar constraints of each camera. As a result of using these different and appropriate aspects of visual rays for motion recovery, our method is numerically more effective in disambiguating the translation and rotation. In comparison to the gold standard solution obtained by the bundle adjustment (BA) technique, our method has a better Fisher information matrix for a lateral eye pair, as well as a superior experiment performance under the case of narrow field of view. For other eye configurations, the two methods achieve comparable performances, with our linear method slightly edging the nonlinear BA method when there exists imperfection in the calibration. In addition, we look at another class of biological eyes which have the same viewing directions. We study how the optic flow-fields can be used to facilitate the motion recovery in this eye arrangement, without resorting to stereopsis cues which will be too slow and heavy for animals with limited neural processing. Our algorithm proved to be on par with nonlinear BA at much less computational cost, a significant advantage in any visual system with a need for rapid visuomotor coordination.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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