Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/220210
Title: GENTRIFICATION AND THE MIDDLE CLASS IN POST-REFORM VIETNAM: A STUDY OF RACH MIEU - MIEU NOI IN-SITU RESETTLEMENT IN HO CHI MINH CITY
Authors: LE TRONG HOANG MINH
Keywords: Architecture
Design Track
DT
Master (Architecture)
Chen Yu
2014/2015 Aki DT
Issue Date: 12-Nov-2014
Citation: LE TRONG HOANG MINH (2014-11-12). GENTRIFICATION AND THE MIDDLE CLASS IN POST-REFORM VIETNAM: A STUDY OF RACH MIEU - MIEU NOI IN-SITU RESETTLEMENT IN HO CHI MINH CITY. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: After a period of post-Independence ideological discipline, Doi Moi (1986) – the liberalization and globalization of Vietnamese economy and society implemented by the Communist Party (‘Đảng’) –has transformed the urban landscape of the country’s most robust commercial hub – Ho Chi Minh City (or Saigon). The liberal market allows individual freedom in restructuring the city (private re-development) and makes its powerless lower-income groups vulnerable to displacement and gentrification. Capitalist (re)development perpetuates the eviction and resettlement of existing run-down settlement due to the need of maximizing profit. The research started with the inquiry into newspaper articles that highlight the alarming number of abandoned off-site resettlement housing estates in Ho Chi Minh City. In search of causes, the author discovered that off-site resettlement is essentially an outcome of economic and infrastructural modernization of the city, and currently creating alienation, isolation, and further displacement for the resettled citizens. It is urban regeneration that lacks the consideration for the social and economic habits of dwellers, while fitting into the larger effort of urban renewal (‘chỉnh trang đô thị’). Concurrently, urban renewal effort along the inner-city canal Nhieu Loc – Thi Nghe involves a different strategy of re-inhabitation: in-situ resettlement, in which the social and economic fabric of the resettled residents are theoretically preserved. Nevertheless, reports of displacement and gentrification still surfaced, directing causes towards land acquisition (unfair, insufficient compensation), juxtaposed with high housing loans. Incompatibility of urban culture of the resettled with the design of their new habitat is merely suggested. Therefore, this research aims to further investigate into this necessarily spatial issue through a bottom-up approach. The research conjectures that the important role of the middle-class in the project of modernization has led to the representation and preservation of the renewal site for this class, and because of these trajectories, the lower-income groups are gradually displaced.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/220210
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