Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/219972
Title: A 25 YEAR VIEW ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES ARISING FROM A PULP AND RAYON PLANT IN SOUTHERN INDIA
Authors: LATHA THRIPATTA PISHARAM
Keywords: Environmental Management
Master (Environmental Management)
MEM
Richard Cleon Reidinger
2013/2014 EnvM
Issue Date: 16-Jul-2014
Citation: LATHA THRIPATTA PISHARAM (2014-07-16). A 25 YEAR VIEW ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES ARISING FROM A PULP AND RAYON PLANT IN SOUTHERN INDIA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Environmental laws in India until 1974 were very weak. The then weak prevailing Laws were so encouraging for a strong effluent company like South India Viscose Pvt Ltd to start its full-fledged operations on the Bhavani river bank. There were no EIAs in place till 1978. EIA came into existence in 1978-79 and was made mandatory only in 1994. SIV was established in 1960. In a span of 34 years, the company had grown in its size enormously. Due to the poor environmental laws and the Company’s motive towards more profit making resulted in irreparable damage to the Bhavani River which was its sole water source. Due to the exponential growth in its production and poor effluent treatment systems, led to the compete downfall of the company. The existence of the company had lot of positive impact on the Social, Economic and Cultural aspects of the people living in the Sirumugai village. The village, once known for its serenity started facing serious air and water pollution issues. The Madras high court ordered the complete closure of the factory in 2004. Life of the village people, socially, economically and culturally has gone down due to the nonexistence of the factory. SIV was the leading paper and rayon production company in India. The EIA laws in India have completely evolved to a better extent under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF). This is the main body in India under which the Central and state Pollution boards act strongly at the central and state level. Now with the strong Environmental laws and governance in place, another incident like South India Viscose is rare to happen. Even though there are strong laws in place, there are still some loop holes which can be bridged to have the best of the governance in place. In the last chapter, the path to overcome the key challenges has been recommended. The lesson learnt from SIV is , growth in Social, Economic and Cultural aspects in very much needed for the growth of a nation, but it should be at a Progressive overloading rate and not an exponential growth which can pose such a hazard to the environment and people living in that area.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/219972
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