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Title: Marine Microplastics in the ASEAN Region: A Review of the Current State of Knowledge
Authors: Emily Curren
Victor S. Kuwahara
Teruaki Yoshida
Sandric Chee Yew Leong 
Issue Date: 9-Jul-2021
Citation: Emily Curren, Victor S. Kuwahara, Teruaki Yoshida, Sandric Chee Yew Leong (2021-07-09). Marine Microplastics in the ASEAN Region: A Review of the Current State of Knowledge. Environmental Pollution 288 : 117776. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Microplastic pollution is a prevalent and serious problem in marine environments. These particles have a detrimental impact on marine ecosystems. They are harmful to marine organisms and are known to be a habitat for toxic microorganisms. Marine microplastics have been identified in beach sand, the seafloor and also in marine biota. Although research investigating the presence of microplastics in various marine environments have increased across the years, studies in Southeast Asia are still relatively limited. In this paper, 36 studies on marine microplastic pollution in Southeast Asia were reviewed and discussed, focusing on microplastics in beach and benthic sediments, seawater and marine organisms. These studies have shown that the presence of fishing harbours, aquaculture farms, and tourism result in an increased abundance of microplastics. The illegal and improper disposal of waste from village settlements and factories also contribute to the high abundance of microplastics observed. Hence, it is crucial to identify the hotspots of microplastic pollution, for assessment and mitigation purposes. Future studies should aim to standardize protocols and quantification, to allow for better quantification and assessment of the levels of microplastic contamination for monitoring purposes.
Source Title: Environmental Pollution
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