Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03599-z
Title: Impacts of COVID-19 and partial lockdown on family functioning, intergenerational communication and associated psychosocial factors among young adults in Singapore
Authors: Tam, Wilson Wai San 
Poon, Sum Nok 
Mahendran, Rathi 
Kua, Ee Heok 
Wu, Xi Vivien 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychiatry
COVID-19
Family functioning
Intergenerational communication
Psychological well-being
Young adults
PARENT-ADOLESCENT COMMUNICATION
QUALITY-OF-LIFE
SOCIAL SUPPORT
DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
CIRCUMPLEX MODEL
OLDER-ADULTS
CES-D
ANXIETY
SCALE
LONELINESS
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2021
Publisher: BMC
Citation: Tam, Wilson Wai San, Poon, Sum Nok, Mahendran, Rathi, Kua, Ee Heok, Wu, Xi Vivien (2021-11-26). Impacts of COVID-19 and partial lockdown on family functioning, intergenerational communication and associated psychosocial factors among young adults in Singapore. BMC PSYCHIATRY 21 (1). ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03599-z
Abstract: Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed our daily lives. Most of the working adults adopted the work-from-home arrangement while students shifted to home-based learning. Being confined together allows families to foster stronger bonds. On the other hand, the on-going pandemic could have negative impacts on family relationships. The COVID-19 outbreak is still on-going worldwide, understanding more about the changes in family functioning and its associated psychological impacts in a pandemic would allow the authorities to provide more targeted support to families. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the factors associated with family functioning among young adults in Singapore during the COVID-19 pandemic. Family functioning refers to the quality of interactions among family members, and consists of cohesion, flexibility and communication. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted (N = 390). The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale Short Form (FACES-IV-SF) and Global Perceptions of Intergenerational Communication Scale (GPIC) were used to examine family functioning and intergeneration communication during the partial lockdown. Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD), Social Support Questionnaire–Brief (SSQ-B), Perceived Stress Scale 4 (PSS), UCLA Loneliness Scale, and Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) examined the psychosocial impact. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and regression model were employed in the analysis. Results: The FACES-IV-SF score for total circumplex ratio has a mean of 1.57(SD = 0.58), suggesting that participants generally perceived their families as functioning relatively well. The mean scores for CESD, PSS, Loneliness and BRCS were 12.4(6.2), 8.0(2.6), 5.7(1.9) and 12.6(3.1) respectively. The mean scores of the 4 domains of GPIC were 21.5(4.0) for Accommodation, 25.0(6.7) for Non-Accommodation, 17.2(3.3) for Respect-Obligation, and 18.9(4.8) for Avoidant. Conclusion: The results suggested that family functioning is significantly associated with intergenerational communication and satisfaction with social support in a pandemic. Participants with balanced levels of cohesion and flexibility in their families are more likely to be able to cope with the psychological impacts of the pandemic. The findings serve to inform intervention and preventive efforts to improve family functioning and reduce the risk of psychological distress in a pandemic.
Source Title: BMC PSYCHIATRY
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/218436
ISSN: 1471244X
DOI: 10.1186/s12888-021-03599-z
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