Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1093/isq/sqab032
Title: Validating Threat: IO Approval and Public Support for Joining Military Counterterrorism Coalitions
Authors: Stefano Recchia
Jonathan Art Chu 
Issue Date: 28-May-2021
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Stefano Recchia, Jonathan Art Chu (2021-05-28). Validating Threat: IO Approval and Public Support for Joining Military Counterterrorism Coalitions. International Studies Quarterly 65 (4) : 919-928. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1093/isq/sqab032
Abstract: Recent scholarship has fruitfully investigated the effect of international organization (IO) approval on public support for military intervention. Following Jentleson and Britton [Bruce W. Jentleson and Rebecca L. Britton, “Still Pretty Prudent: Post-Cold War American Public Opinion on the Use of Military Force,” Journal of Conflict Resolution 42, no. 4 (1998): 395-417], scholars argue that IO approval does not increase already high public support for “foreign policy restraint” (FPR) operations intended to coerce “aggressively threatening” opponents, including terrorists. We challenge this argument, focusing on public support for contributing to military coalitions. The public may wonder whether leaders are sincere when they frame a coalition military operation as having FPR objectives; this may lead the public to put a premium on multilateral validation. We also question the common argument that UN Security Council approval necessarily has a greater positive effect on public support for intervention than approval from regional IOs. Approval from broad-based regional IOs, such as the African Union (AU), may be just as consequential. Data from survey experiments that we conducted in three countries confirm our principal hypotheses: (1) IO approval consistently increases public support for contributing to military coalitions even in counterterrorism cases and (2) the UN and AU approval effects are of comparable magnitude. These findings expand our theoretical understanding of the conditions under which IO approval can increase public support for military intervention.
Source Title: International Studies Quarterly
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/216884
ISSN: 0020-8833
DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqab032
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