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Title: O-GlcNAcylation of fatty acid synthase under nutritional stress as a pro-survival mechanism in cancer cells
Keywords: Proteomics, O-GlcNAc, Cancer, Metabolism, LC-MS/MS
Issue Date: 28-Jun-2021
Citation: WONG YIN KWAN (2021-06-28). O-GlcNAcylation of fatty acid synthase under nutritional stress as a pro-survival mechanism in cancer cells. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Protein O-GlcNAcylation is a specific form of protein glycosylation that targets a wide range of proteins with important functions. O-GlcNAcylation is known to be deregulated in cancer and has been linked to multiple aspects of cancer pathology. Despite its ubiquity and importance, the current understanding of the role of O-GlcNAcylation in the stress response remains limited. In this study, we performed a quantitative chemical proteomics-based open study of the O-GlcNAcome in HeLa cells, and identified 163 differentially-glycosylated proteins under starvation, involving multiple metabolic pathways. Among them, fatty acid metabolism was found to be targeted and subsequent analysis confirmed that fatty acid synthase (FASN) is O-GlcNAcylated. O-GlcNAcylation led to enhanced de novo fatty acid synthesis activity, and fatty acids contributed to the cytoprotective effects of O-GlcNAcylation under starvation. Moreover, dual inhibition of O-GlcNAcylation and FASN displayed a strong synergistic effect in vitro in inducing cell death in cancer cells. Together, the results from this study provide novel insights into the role of O-GlcNAcylation in the nutritional stress response and suggest the potential of combining inhibition of O-GlcNAcylation and fatty acid synthesis in cancer therapy.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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