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Title: Loneliness amongst low-socioeconomic status elderly singaporeans and its association with perceptions of the neighbourhood environment
Authors: En Wee, L.
Tsang, T.Y.Y.
Yi, H. 
Toh, S.A. 
Lee, G.L. 
Yee, J.
Lee, S.
Oen, K.
Koh, G.C.H. 
Keywords: Loneliness
Neighbourhood environment
Social isolation
Socioeconomic status
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: En Wee, L., Tsang, T.Y.Y., Yi, H., Toh, S.A., Lee, G.L., Yee, J., Lee, S., Oen, K., Koh, G.C.H. (2019). Loneliness amongst low-socioeconomic status elderly singaporeans and its association with perceptions of the neighbourhood environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (6) : 967. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: In Singapore, a densely urbanised Asian city state, more than 80% of the population stays in public housing estates and the majority (90%) own their own homes. For the needy who cannot afford home ownership, public rental flats are available. We were interested in exploring social-environmental factors that are associated with loneliness among elderly residents of public rental housing in Singapore. We surveyed residents aged ?60 in two Singapore public housing precincts in 2016. Loneliness was measured using a three-item scale. Sociodemographic information was obtained via standardised questionnaires. We used chi-square to identify associations between loneliness and sociodemographic characteristics, as well as neighbourhood perceptions (safety, convenience and the physical environment), on univariate analysis; and logistic regression for multivariate analysis. The response rate was 62.1% (528/800). On multivariate analysis, staying in a rental flat block was independently associated with loneliness (adjusted odds ratio, aOR = 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.32–3.36), as was staying in a poorer physical environment (aOR = 1.92, 95% CI = 1.15–3.22). Although needy Singapore residents share the same built environment as more well-to-do neighbours, differences in the impact of loneliness do exist. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 16617827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16060967
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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