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Title: Understanding global HIV stigma and discrimination: Are contextual factors suffciently studied? (Gapresearch)
Authors: Tran, B.X.
Phan, H.T.
Latkin, C.A.
Nguyen, H.L.T.
Hoang, C.L.
Ho, C.S.H.
Ho, R.C.M. 
Keywords: Contextual factors
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Tran, B.X., Phan, H.T., Latkin, C.A., Nguyen, H.L.T., Hoang, C.L., Ho, C.S.H., Ho, R.C.M. (2019). Understanding global HIV stigma and discrimination: Are contextual factors suffciently studied? (Gapresearch). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (11) : 1899. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Stigma and discrimination are among the greatest challenges that people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) face, and both are known to negatively affect quality of life as well as treatment outcomes. We analyzed the growing research and current understanding of HIV-related stigma and contextual factors in HIV/AIDS (human Immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) bibliography. A total of 5984 publications published from 1991 to 2017 were retrieved from the Web of Science database. The number of papers and their impacts have been considerably grown in recent years. Research landscapes related to stigma and discrimination include clinical, physical and mental health outcomes, risk behaviors of most-at-risk populations, and HIV-related services. We found a lack of empirical studies not only on social, cultural and economic contexts, but also on specific interventions for particular settings and sub-populations. This study highlights certain gaps and provides a basis for future studies and interventions on this critical issue given the changing drivers of HIV epidemics. © 2019 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 16617827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16111899
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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